Cadet Handbook



This cadet guide was written by:


    Cadet Director of Operations Captain Jorge A. Denogean           


This cadet guide was approved by:


    Cadet Command Chief, Chief Master Sergeant Jaime Fierro        Original signed by cadet


    Cadet Director of Operations Captain Jorge A. Denogean             Original signed by cadet


    Cadet Vice Core Commander Major Sabina Savory                       Original signed by cadet


    Cadet Core Commander Lieutenant Colonel Manuel Fernandez  Original signed by cadet


    Cadet Inspection General Major Ana Fajardo                                 Original signed by cadet



Several paragraphs contain information pertaining to more than one required field (program opportunities, program expectations, cadet promotions, cadet appearance, and corps operations) and several paragraphs address areas that go above and beyond the requirements.



As a rule of thumb:


Paragraphs 7.1—7.10 and attachment 3 are about program opportunities.

Paragraphs 1.6 – 1.11; 2.1– and attachments 1 and 2 are on program expectations.

Paragraphs 4.4—4.5.1 are about cadet promotions.

Paragraphs 5.1—5.51 and attachments 4, 5, and 6 are on cadet appearance.

Paragraphs 1.4.1–1.4.6; 1.13.1–1.13.8; and 3.2–3.4 are on corps operations.
















Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Vision; purpose; designation; mission, objectives, and goals






















Honor Code



Code of Ethics



Code of Conduct






Job Descriptions




Chapter 2, Classroom rules and procedures







Bulletin Board







Chapter 3 Customs & Courtesies



US and National Flags


Cadet Etiquette


 Position of Honor



Chapter 4, Personnel

Cadet Grade






Cadet Action Board



Cadet Positions and Promotions



Outstanding Flight Award



Certificate of Completion



Certificate of Training




Chapter 5 Uniform, Equipment, Books, and Personal Appearance

Accountability, Responsibility, and General Policies



Male Uniforms



Male Personal Appearance



Female Uniforms



Female Personal Appearance



General Uniform and Personal Appearance Comments




Chapter 6, Drill and Ceremonies

30 Step drill sequence




Chapter 7, Clubs and Extracurricular Activities

Kitty Hawk Air Society




Color Guard




Drill Team




Rocket Club




Remote Control Airplane/Static Model Club


Fund Raising Projects




Military Ball




Awareness Presentation Team








Cadet Corps Commander Staff Meeting





Chapter 8, Physical Fitness Program

Wellness Program





1.  Classroom Management Plan                                                           28

2.  Health/Wellness Consent Form                                                       29

3.  Awards Criteria                                                                               30

4.  Dress and Appearance                                                                     43

5.  How to Tie a Tie                                                                              53
























Chapter 1






1.1. VISION. To support the goals of the Nogales Unified School District and the mission of Nogales High School, while creating an environment in which students can develop and excel in:

- Academics

- Leadership

- Citizenship

- Integrity

- Physical Fitness

- Motivation


1.2. PURPOSE. The purpose of this handbook is to establish guidance and procedures for the organization and operation of the Cadet Corps (AZ-952).




1.4 MISSION, OBJECTIVES AND GOALS. The Mission of AZ-952 is to develop citizens of character dedicated to serving the community and nation.  Our objectives are: stimulate interest in aerospace careers; strengthen character and self-discipline; encourage completion of high school and pursuit of higher education and vocational goals; promote understanding of the role of the citizen in a democratic society; promote community service; and teach social values and life skills. To accomplish our mission and objectives we have established six corps goals. 


1.4.1. Cadet Goals:


1.4.1. 1. Eighty percent of cadets will have an “A” grade in AFJROTC at the end of each semester. Cadets will hold a tutoring program with an average of 5 hours per week.


1.4.2. School Impact Goals: Cadets will visit 3 junior high schools during the academic school year.


1.4.2. 2. Cadets will maintain viability for the three instructors by keeping an average of at least 150 cadets throughout the school year.


1.4.3. Community Impact Goals: Cadets will do a minimum of 1,800 community service hours by the end of the school year. Cadets will adopt and clean a road once a month.




1.5. ENROLLMENT. Cadets must be full time students in good standing at Nogales High School.


Cadets should be of good moral character and able to participate in AFJROTC training.




1.6. DISENROLLMENT. With the concurrence of the Principal, the Senior Aerospace Science Instructor (SASI) can remove a cadet who does not:


1.6.1. Wear the prescribed uniform, four or more unexcused times in a semester.


1.6.2. Pass the Aerospace Science/Leadership course. Continued enrollment will be on a space available basis when approved by the SASI, with no Certificate of Completion credit for the failed course.


1.6.3. Maintain personal appearance and uniform standards.


1.6.4. Meet the Nogales High School student responsibilities as outlined in the student handbook. History of suspensions and expulsions are reasons for dismissal from the corps.


1.6.5. Enroll as a full time student at Nogales High School.


1.6.6. Follow classroom rules and maintain a positive attitude toward the corps.


1.6.7. Abide by the Cadet Code of Conduct, the Honor Code, or the Code of Ethics.




1.7. CADET CONTRACTS. All cadets will complete the contract in attachment 1, which will then be filed in their Cadet Personnel Record. This contract states minimum corps expectations and outlines the uniform and equipment financial responsibilities that are a part of enrollment in Air Force Junior ROTC.


1.8. CADET HONOR CODE and CODE OF ETHICS. These codes are closely related and complement each other. They belong to the cadets and should guide them as they strive to become productive citizens in a society with demanding and often conflicting standards. Cadets should instill these values in themselves and their fellow cadets to the best of their ability, at all times.


1.9. Cadet HONOR CODE. “Cadets will not lie, cheat, or steal; nor tolerate among them, anyone who does.”


These simple words are the basis for a code to live by that will last you the remainder of your lifetime. These are simple rules but tough to live by as reflected in the alarming number of students who freely admit they cheat in schools and colleges. Do not be swayed by those who make narrow decisions. Remember the words in this code are clear in their demands and are still relevant in our society. Be honest in word and deed. Do not make quibbling or evasive statements, do your own work, and assist others in a sense of cooperation. HONOR is a noble, moral standard that is necessary for the welfare and continued existence of our civilized society. NEVER SURRENDER YOUR HONOR!


1.10. Cadet CODE OF ETHICS. Cadets will:


1.10.1. Maintain self-respect and respect others.


1.10.2. Refrain from acts or derogatory words that discredit ones family, our school or the corps.  Abusive conduct and vulgar language are not socially acceptable and they hinder communication.


1.10.3. Perform all assigned duties and meet all legal obligations.


1.10.4. Strive for success in academics, athletics, extra-curricular activities, and work.


1.10.5. Be proud of their commitment to Nogales High School and the corps.


1.10.6. Be a role model for standards of conduct.


1.10.7. Place the good of the corps above personal gain.





I am an Air Force Junior ROTC Cadet.

I am connected and faithful to every corps of cadets who serve their community and nation with patriotism.

I earn respect when I uphold the Core Values of Integrity First, Service before self, and Excellence in all we do.

I will always conduct myself to bring credit to my family, school, Corps of Cadets, community, and to myself.

My character defines me. I will not lie, cheat, or steal.

I am accountable for my actions and deeds; I will hold others accountable for their actions as well. I will honor those I serve with, those who have gone before me, and those who will come after me.

I am a Patriot, a Leader, and a Wingman devoted to those I follow, serve, and lead. I am an Air Force Junior ROTC Cadet.





1.11. ORGANIZATION. The Arizona 952nd AFJROTC Unit is organized as a Cadet Group as posted in the classroom.


1.12 JOB DESCRIPTIONS. Like the Air Force, cadet responsibilities and job duties increase with position and rank. Cadets are expected to carry out their job duties, including supervisory responsibilities, to the best of their ability.


1.12.1 Cadet Group Commander Cadet Lt. Col. Manuel Fernandez

  • Write Cadet Guide

  • Write Cadet Goals

  • Prepare Cadet briefings

  • Ensure cadet appearance and behavior standards are above reproach

  • Preside over cadets for key staff meeting

  • Recommend cadets for key staff positions

  • Recommends cadets based for promotions based on criteria in cadet guide

  • Perform additional duties as prescribed by SASI and ASIs

  • Conduct weekly meetings with the Cadet Action Board


1.12.2 Cadet Deputy Group Commander Cadet Major Sabrina Savory

  • Assist in writing the Cadet Guide

  • Assist in ensuring cadet appearance and behavior standards are above reproach

  • Attend weekly staff meeting and preside at them in the absence of the cadet group commander

  • Second recommendations of cadets for key staff positions

  • Perform additional duties as prescribed by the cadet group commander


1.12.3 Cadet Director of Operations Cadet Captain Jorge Denogean

  • Assist in writing the Cadet Guide

  • Assist in ensuring cadet appearance and behavior standards are above reproach

  • Keep command of Squadron commanders and kitty hawk commander

  • Attend weekly staff meeting

  • Ensure cadet appearance and behavior standards are above reproach

  • Conduct flight commander meetings as required

  • Make sure that all cadets are outfitted with required materials

  • Recommends cadets to group commander for awards and decorations

  • Recommends cadets to group commander for promotions

  • Perform additional duties as prescribed by the cadet group commander




1.12.4 Cadet Commander Chief Master Sergeant Jaime Fierro

  • Assist in Writing Cadet Guide

  • Assist in ensuring cadet appearance and behavior standards are above reproach

  • Attended weekly staff meetings

  • Recommend cadets for positions of logistics

  • Plan, organize, and conduct monthly inventories of supplies, rifles, ADPE, and uniforms

  • Maintain cadet obstacle course

  • Recommends cadets to group commander for awards and decorations

  • Recommends cadets to group commander for promotions

  • Perform additional duties as prescribed by the cadet group commander

  • Conduct weekly meetings with the Cadet Action Board

  • Ensures that cadets participate in a safe environment


1.12.5 Kitty Hawk Air Society President Cadet 1st Lt. Vicente Gonzalez

  • Plan and support corps fund raising and community outreach activities

  • Plan and support corps events including the Dining in/out and Military Ball etc.

  • Plan and administer peer tutoring program

  • Conduct weekly meetings with the Cadet Action Board


1.12.6 Cadet Flight Commanders will:

  • Recommend cadets to attend tutoring

  • Insure flight uniforms are above reproach

  • Attend Flight Commanders meeting as requested

  • Take role of flight

  • Insure monthly school clean-up is done orderly

  • Conduct weekly uniform inspection

  • Perform any additional duties requested by cadet staff or instructors


1.12.7 Cadet Flight Sergeant will:

  • Assist Flight commander with duties

  • Take flight commanders place when absent

  • Insure flight uniforms are above reproach 


1.12.8. Special Assistants to SASI (Inspection general) Ana Fajardo

  • Enter results in WINGS

  • Inspect inventory

  • Inspect all flights

  • Attend all staff meetings

  • Other duties as assigned.


1.12.9. Cadet Corps Fund raiser Commander Cadet 2nd Lt. Ashley Adame

  • Oversees Fundraisers for corps

  • Ensure money raised is delivered to book store

  • Compose Overview report of Fundraisers

  • Set dates and locations of Fundraisers

  • Keep continuity book of all Fundraisers

  • Hold meetings with Fundraiser Committee





Chapter 2




    1. Classroom Rules. All cadets will abide by the following classroom and school rules.


2.1.1 Cadets will not chew gum in the classroom, cadet area, or instructor office.


2.1.2 Cadets will not wear hats or other headgear indoors during any cadet activity.


2.1.3 Cadets will not apply make-up or groom themselves in the classroom.


2.1.4. Cadets will adhere to the Nogales High School dress code.


2.1.5. Cadets will not use electronic devices during class.


2.1.6. Cadets will have their school identification card with them.


2.1.7. Cadets will not talk when the instructor or a guest lecturer is talking unless recognized.


2.1.8. Cadets will not throw objects.


2.1.9. Cadets will not write on the whiteboard, bulletin board, or on any other visual aid without the instructor’s permission.


2.1.10. Cadets will not place books, athletic/book bags, purses, or other personal belongings in aisles or walkways.


2.1.11. Cadets will not sleep or put their head down on the desk.


2.1.12. Cadets will not be loud, disruptive, or participate in any form of “horseplay”.


2.1.13. Cadets will not be disrespectful, inconsiderate, threatening, or use vulgarity towards teachers, visitors, or other students.


2.1.14 Cadets will address the instructor or guest lecturer as “Sir” or “Ma’am”. Cadet Officers will also be addressed in this manner when in uniform and information.


2.1.15. Cadets will ask permission to enter the instructor office area and to address the instructor.


2.1.16. Cadets will come to class prepared. Cadets will bring notebooks, pencil(s), pen(s) with black or blue ink.


2.2. Tardy Policy:  Cadets are expected to be on time to class.  Each time a cadet is tardy points will be deducted from their daily assignment and their weekly bearing and behavior grade.  Cadets who are tardy more than four (4) times will be subject to Nogales High School policy, which includes Saturday work detail. 


2.3. Unexcused absence Policy:  Nogales High School administration reserves the right to handle unexcused absences.  As a minimum, cadets will receive a zero for the day and be removed from positions of leadership.  The opportunity to make up work for the missed day will be denied. 


2.4. Homework Policy.  Cadets must accomplish and turn in all assigned homework on time to achieve academic excellence in an AFJROTC course. All homework is due at the end of the class period on the day it is due unless excused by the instructor. If a cadet is absent on the date homework is due and has been excused in accordance with school policy, the cadet will have one day for each day of absence to turn in the assignment. This policy also applies to any other work, to include exams that must be made up from the day(s) that the cadet was excused. It is the cadet’s responsibility to make up any work.


2.5.  Classroom Procedures. The following are the daily classroom procedures:


2.5.1. Cadets will stand to the side of their desk with all personal belongings properly stored when the final bell stops ringing or be marked tardy.


2.5.2. Flight Commander or Flight Sergeant will then call the flight to “ATTENTION”. Any cadet not standing at ATTENTION with belongings properly secured will be reported as TARDY. The Flight Commander or Sergeant will then call the roll.


2.5.3. While standing at ATTENTION, cadets will remain silent, take note of any assignments or announcements on the front white board, and prepare to begin class immediately at the conclusion of the attendance report.


2.5.4. With the flight at ATTENTION, the Flight Commander/Flight Sergeant will immediately take roll using the Element Leader reports.


When addressed Element Leaders will respond “SIR/MA’AM FIRST (SECOND, ETC) ELEMENT ALL PRESENT OR ACCOUNTED FOR.” If one or more cadets are absent, the element leader will respond: “SIR/MA’AM FIRST (SECOND, ETC) ELEMENT ALL PRESENT OR ACCOUNTED FOR WITH THE EXCEPTION OF CADET(s) and their name(s).”  After the element reports, the Flight Commander/Sergeant will then turn the roll sheet in to the instructor of the day.


After turning in the roll sheet, the Flight Commander/Flight Sergeant will direct the flight to “POST”, and recite the pledge of allegiance.  Once the pledge is complete, the commander gives “TAKE YOUR SEATS”. Cadets will then sit down and refrain from talking (Note:  Pledge is not recited when in uniform).


2.5.5. After the cadets take their seats, the instructor will then post absence and tardy information in the attendance System while the Flight Commander/Flight Sergeant executes the “Orders of the Day” if applicable.


2.5.6. Excessive tardiness and unexcused absences will negatively affect Outstanding Flight competition and can impact the cadet’s course grade. Being on time and attending school are qualities that will ensure success in school and in life.


2.5.7. At approximately two minutes before the class dismissal bell rings, the instructor will direct the Flight Commander/Flight Sergeant to prepare the class for dismissal. State: “PREPARE FOR DISMISSAL”. Cadets will stop class work and put books and classroom materials away. Cadets will clean out their desks, pick up any trash in the immediate vicinity of their desks, align their desks with others in their element, and prepare to stand for dismissal.


2.5.8. When the bell rings or at the signal of the instructor, the Flight Commander/Sergeant will call the flight to “ATTENTION”. Cadets will come to the position of ATTENTION at the side of their desk and wait for further instructions.


2.5.9. The Flight Commander/Sergeant will check that all trash is picked up and the desks are aligned. The Flight Commander/Sergeant will then “DISMISS” the flight. Cadets can then retrieve their personal belongings and depart the classroom.


2.5.10. To show respect to superintendents, principals, administrators, parents, teachers, visitors, the cadet who first recognizes the visitor will, in a confident, authoritative voice, state “CLASS, SEATS, ATTENTION”. All cadets will come to the seated position of ATTENTION and remain so until directed “AT EASE” by the instructor.


2.5.11. The Flight Commander/Flight Sergeant are responsible for the conduct of their flight during the class period. All cadets will abide by Flight Commander/Sergeant instructions.


2.5.12. Before class, the Flight Guidon Bearer will retrieve the Flight’s guidon and post it beside the AFJROTC AZ-952 Unit Flag. At the end of the class, the guidon will be returned to the storage rack.


2.6.  Cadet Bulletin/Announcement Boards and Cadet Distribution Box. All cadets will review daily the cadet bulletin board located in the AFJROTC Classroom. All cadets will also check their distribution box and distribute information if in a leadership job. Failure to read and comply with any instructions will impact promotion and AFJROTC awards.


Chapter 3




3.1.  Salute. The salute is a traditional greeting between military personnel. The salute is deeply rooted in military history from when warriors raised their right arms to show that no weapon was present, to when knights raised their visors with their right hand as a sign of greeting, and to when American soldiers removed their “3-corner” hats to greet others and show them respect. The salute is a way of saying “Hello” while showing respect to officers senior in rank. Sometimes the hand salute is rendered to honor the colors, a mark of respect for our country. The way cadets execute a salute is important. A smart salute indicates pride in self and the corps. A sloppy, lackadaisical salute indicates lack of confidence and pride. Cadets should develop the habit of carrying books or other objects with the left hand to free the right hand for saluting.


3.1.1. Cadets, when wearing the uniform, outside, and not in a designated “no-hat” area, should salute: The President